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Distance Learning

Citation Style Guides

APA, Chicago, MLA

APA Citation Guides

  • Double space all citations
  • Use a hanging indent on the second line (and all subsequent lines)
  • Beginning in 2009, APA requires a digital object identifier (doi) whenever possible. To locate a doi or look up an article from a doi go to:

Examples below are based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. (2010) which is located in the Reference section of the College library (REF BF76.7 .P83 2010).

External Links for Additional Examples:

  • American Psychological Association
  • The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue
  • APA Style Guide to Electronic References, 6th ed. – Accessible via delaGATE (Learning Commons tab under Library Resources), this guide offers up-to-date information on formatting electronic references in APA Style, including examples for source types like online journal articles, supplemental data sets, measurement instruments, books, videos, apps, websites, podcasts, blog posts, and social media.

Content Editor: Carol Videon, Reference Librarian

Chicago Manual of Style

Used in history, used in the humanities and social sciences (depends on the professor)

MLA Citation Guides

  • Alphabetize your list of sources by the author's last name.  If no author name exists for the source, start the citation with the title of the document.
  • Double-space between each citation and between each line within a citation.
  • After the first line of a citation (which is set flush left), all subsequent lines must be indented one-half inch.

Examples below are based on:
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: MLA, 2009. Print.

PDF/Printable Versions:

External Links for Additional Examples: